Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease which can affect all aspects of a person's life. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the relationship between stress, anxiety and depression with the quality of life of patients with MS.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2018-2019 on 245 patients with MS in Shahrekord city. Non-random sampling method was used and data collection tool was Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire (DASS-21) and Quality of Life Questionnaire in MS Patients (MISIS-29). The data were analyzed through SPSS 20 software.
Results: In the present study, only 26/6% of the patients experienced high quality of life, and 30/5% of patients had severe to moderate anxiety, 13/8% moderate stress, and 34/2% experienced moderate and severe depression. There was a significant relationship between the stress and anxiety of the patients and their jobs (p<0/05) and also there was a significant difference between the quality of life and the patients’ education (p<0/05). A significant relationship was observed between the level of stress, depression, and anxiety of the patients with the quality of life and with the physical and mental subscales (p<0/001).
Conclusion: The results indicated the prevalence of mental disorders in patients with MS, which has affected the quality of life of patients. Therefore, providing suitable interventions to deal with or adapt to these symptoms and ultimately improve the quality of life in MS patients seems necessary. This article is the result of the general practice thesis of Razia Hashemi from Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences.